DR Congo rebel massacre of hundreds is uncovered
By Martin Plaut
Africa editor, BBC World Service
Jacques Akoba says he buried bodies after the massacre
Evidence of the massacre of at least 321 people in Democratic
Republic of Congo has been uncovered by the BBC. The killings took place last December but have not previously been reported. Fighters from the notorious Lord's Resistance Army raided several villages in a remote part of north-eastern DR Congo, killing and abducting children. Human Rights Watch says this is one of the worst massacres carried out by the LRA, whose fighters roam across several countries after spreading from Uganda. The rebel leaders initially claimed to be
fighting to install a theocracy in Uganda based on the Biblical Ten
Commandments, but they now sow terror in Sudan and Central African
Republic, as well as DR Congo. Narrow escapeIn the latest attack, the rebels hacked to death villagers and made others carry looted goods.
He warned me because he is an Azande, like me
One abductee, 17-year-old Jean-Claude Singbatile, was captured with a
group of friends and spent days carrying bags of salt. "As we marched, the LRA killed people - two at one village, three at the next
and then four at the next," he told the BBC. "They wanted to kill
me, but the leader said I should be kept alive, as they needed strong
soldiers." Eventually, one of the rebels warned him that he would
also be killed and should take his chance and run for it. "He
warned me because he is an Azande, like me," said Jean-Claude, referring to his ethnic group.
Posing as soldiers
The United Nations had heard rumours that an attack was to be launched around Christmas, and reinforced their troops in the area.
The son of our chief was among them, so we felt we had to give
them a burial - Jacques Akoba Red Cross volunteer
But they were deployed to towns like Dungu and Niangara rather than
the remote villages where the killings finally took place. On 13
December, a contingent of LRA rebels crossed the Uele river, before
arriving at a market in the village of Mabanga Ya Talo. Dressed
in military uniforms, they pretended to be Congolese soldiers who had
spent months in the forests and asked local people for food and other
goods. They then asked people to carry the goods back to where they had crossed the river, and when the villagers refused, the rebels
turned on them. Adults were attacked, captured, imprisoned in huts, then taken out and made to act as porters. Anyone who was unable to keep up with the pace of the forced march was "left behind" - a
euphemism for being tied up and battered to death with wooden stakes or killed with machetes and axes. Those who refused or tried to
escape were also brutally killed. It was a pattern repeated in
villages all the way to Tapili, some 45km (30 miles) away.
Lt Jeanvier Bahati, a Congolese army commander in the Tapili area, was one of the first to arrive at the massacre site and helped to bury the dead. "I saw with my own eyes 268 dead bodies, because we buried them - there was no-one else to do it," he said.
Eastern Equatoria, Sudan 450 killed, activists say some villagers forced to walk off a cliff
Lamwo, northern Uganda
More than 400 die, roughly 100,000 displaced
Makombo, DR Congo Estimated 312 killed in village raids
Doruma area, DR Congo
About 300 die in worst incident of campaign of violence known as "Christmas massacres"
Jacques Akoba, a Red Cross volunteer, said he buried seven bodies in a
shallow grave 2km south of Mangada, along with nine skulls he found by
the side of the road. "We were scared as we were burying them, but the son of our chief was among them, so we felt we had to give them a
burial," he said. Human Rights Watch, working with local groups,
has verified 321 deaths - but other activists have given far higher
estimates. Witnesses say the stench of death hung over the area
for weeks. Children were a particular target of the LRA. At least 80 were taken by force - boys to become fighters, girls to be used as sex slaves by LRA combatants. Quite why they killed so many of their victims is a mystery.
"We don't understand what their strategy really is, but they clearly like killing, like destroying things," said Father Joseph Nzala, the Catholic priest at Tapili. Many villagers are still too frightened to go home, and they continue to live in a makeshift camp on the edge of
Many villagers are still too afraid to go back home
Local people question why the UN, Congolese and Ugandan forces do not
co-operate more closely to halt the LRA, who have now returned to their camps north of the Uele river. Ugandan army commanders claimed
they had all but eradicated the LRA after launching a joint operation
with South Sudanese and Congolese troops in December 2008. With
logistical and intelligence support from the US, the operation was meant to kill LRA commanders, including its leader, Joseph Kony. But
the attack failed to achieve its aims and the LRA dispersed, attacking
churches and villages during Christmas 2008. Uganda continues to
maintain substantial forces on Congolese territory, sometimes conducting joint patrols with the army. The Congolese soldiers receive
support from UN troops who have a number of small peacekeeping bases in the area. But Anneke van Woudenberg of Human Rights Watch said
the massacre provided "clear evidence" of the LRA's ongoing
"Rather than ignoring the facts, the governments of the region and UN
peacekeepers should co-ordinate their efforts to protect civilians and develop a comprehensive strategy to resolve the LRA problem once and for all," she said.
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